This includes climate change adaptation, renewable energy generation, flooding and water management, pollution and waste management and minimisation.
Relevant Strategic Objectives from the Local Plan Part 1
Strategic Objective 10: Improve and protect the natural environment including biodiversity.
Strategic Objective 11: Ensure all new development achieves high quality design standards and to protect and enhance the natural, historic, cultural and landscape assets of the Vale.
Strategic Objective 12: Minimise greenhouse gas emissions across the district and increase our resilience to likely climate change impacts, especially flooding.
Core Policy 30: Sustainable Design and Construction
All new development, including building conversions, refurbishments and extensions, will be required to incorporate climate change adaptation and design measures to combat the effects of changing weather patterns. [show detail]
Climate change adaptation: Adjustments to natural or human systems in response to actual or
expected climatic factors or their effects, including from changes in rainfall and rising temperatures,
which moderate harm or exploit beneficial opportunities.
Climate change mitigation: Action to reduce the impact of human activity on the climate system, primarily through reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
Section 3 of the National Policy Planning Framework requires all new developments of ten or more
dwellings to incorporate renewable energy or low carbon generation systems
capable of offsetting a minimum of 10% of the predicted annual carbon
emissions. It is further stated that the council will require all aspects of
the Code for Sustainable Homes to be implemented to meet the government set, incremental targets as per below:
2010 – Code Level 3
2013 – Code Level 4
2016 – Code Level 6
The Sustainable Community Strategy for the Vale and priorities for action [show detail]
Paragraph 3.2 of the Topic Paper states: The Sustainable Community Strategy sets out the vision for the future of the Vale and identifies issues and priority actions to help achieve them. It particularly identifies how the Local Plan will help deliver these priority actions. The strategy takes into consideration the aspirations of local residents, employers and community organisations.
Paragraph 3.3 continues:
The priorities for action and how the Local Plan will help fulfil them are:
A Low Carbon Vale
- encouraging developers to make new buildings energy and resource efficient and so reduce carbon dioxide emissions, and
- making sure that land allocated for new development is located near to jobs and services and can be accessed by public transport, cycling or walking.
Living with extreme weather
- require adequate flood storage capacity as part of all proposals for major new developments (measures could include new wetlands on to which rivers could be allowed to flood and mechanisms like ‘balancing’ ponds which collect and store surface run-off)
- use planning controls to restrict development in locations within known flood risk areas
- make sure that flood risk assessments are carried out for all developments within known areas of flood risk
- design new housing areas to include cooling, shading areas of open space and landscaping, and
- encourage changes in housing design to cope with changing weather patterns (including passive cooling in their design; adequate guttering to cope with heavy downpours and gravel driveways and other porous surfaces to reduce surface water run-off).
Using resources more widely
- seek a high standard of water efficiency in new buildings on major development sites through such measures as recycling ‘grey’ water that has already been used and harvesting rainwater for use in the building and gardens
- identify as many previously developed (‘brownfield’) sites as possible in the right locations to help meet future needs for new development.
- encourage appropriate reuse of existing buildings
- encourage more efficient use of land in all development and redevelopments, but without harming the character or quality of the environment, and
- wherever possible avoid the use of high quality farmland and land containing mineral reserves that may be needed in the future.
Reducing waste and increasing recycling
- Ensure that space is available for recycling and composting in all new developments, including flats
- Seek financial contributions, from developers of residential schemes, towards the cost of equipment for collecting waste and recyclable.
Department of Energy and Climate Change Statistics show our emissions are high [show detail]
Paragraph 3.24 of the Topic Paper states:
This shows that the district emission levels for industrial and commercial, domestic and road transport combined are higher than the regional and the county average. The data shows that the district has the highest total emissions in the County and that they are above the national average. In breaking these figures down into the three sectors mentioned above, emissions from the domestic sector is slightly above the county, regional and national average. However the figure that raises the total is the emissions from road transport, which are higher than any other district in the South East.